A brife sketch of Fiore, Qi Jiguang (戚繼光), and Xinyi quan(心意拳)

Around 1409, Fiore de’i Liberi composed treatise called “The Flower of Battle”, aka ( Fior di Battaglia, Florius de Arte Luctandi, Flos Duellatorum ). It systemically outlines the strategy and techniques in combats.

In 1560, Qi Jiguang (戚繼光) wrote a manual dedicated to wars, ranging topics from empty hand pugilists, archery and blades.

Xinyiquan(心意拳)was passed down to Ma Xueli (1714-1790) , but it’s early origin is still not clear. Recent evidence suggests it may actually origin from Yuefei, as early as Song dynasty. Please refer to Jarek’s China from Inside.



Long Guard


Boar Tooth post



Iron Gate



Guard of Forehead


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